A 20 year old male soccer player presents with a Grade II right lateral ankle sprain upon evaluation. What are the characteristics of a Grade II ankle sprain?
- Partial tear of the lateral ligament complex with mild joint instability, moderate intra-capsular swelling and tenderness, and some loss of ROM and joint function
- Complete rupture of the anterior talofibular ligament, calcaneofibular ligament, and capsule with mechanical joint instability; severe intra/extra-capsular swelling, ecchymosis, tenderness and inability to weight-bear.
- Stretch of the lateral ligament complex with no macroscopic tear or joint instability, little swelling or tenderness
- Partial tear of the syndesmosis, creating generalized swelling and tenderness throughout the ankle joint complex; inability to bear weight, severe ecchymosis, and mortise widening.
The correct answer is: ?
This question tests your basic knowledge of ankle sprains and their proper diagnoses. This is a fairly straightforward question if you know the basics.
- This is the correct answer. This describes a Grade II lateral ankle sprain.
- This describes a severe or Grade III lateral ankle sprain.
- This describes a mild or Grade I lateral ankle sprain.
- This describes a “high” ankle sprain, or Syndesmosis sprain.